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Second set of findings requiring confirmation of measure.


1.       Using AutoCAD 2000 (computer assisted drafting), the three pyramids have been drawn to scale and compared and confirmed with those results produced by Michael Saunders (see below).


The pyramid measures from Petrie drawn and confirmed by Michael Saunders*


Note: It will be noticed that the Giza pyramids are not aligned with today’s measure of true north. This does not allow us to assume that Earth’s axis has “tilted” since construction. The south baseline of P1 is presently 0d 3’ 41” from true east west and it is possible that the builders erred in their initial groundbreaking ceremony. Therefore it is prudent for us to choose one pyramid and assume the builder’s intention was to align it with their calculated direction of true east west, then used this base alignment as a reference for the balance of the structures on site. It is believed that P1 was the first pyramid constructed; accordingly this pyramid should be selected and set out on the true east-west axis.

* Mr. Saunders was a welcomed and valuable assistant in this project, striving for the greatest accuracy in his work. However perfect the measures, he emphasizes one major concern: “…The corner points shown on your drawing produce very similar distances when added but this is dependant on what corners you are using. So I would like this variance point to be noted if you wouldn't mind as well as the attached drawing used when attributing such dimensions to me…”  


2.       The three pyramids of Giza set out as measured.


Pyramids set with south base line of P1 on E-W axis.



3.       Site scaled having the south base of P1 set at 440.00 Rc (derived from the King’s Chamber measures).


The Giza site set with P1 having a base length of 440.00 Royal cubits. 


o      The three pyramids are built to an amazing accuracy when considering the measuring devices available at the time of construction. Scaling the above dimensions from Petrie’s into Royal cubits, having the base length of P1 set at 440 Rc, illustrates the degree of precision achieved.

o      It is observed that the south base axis of P2 and P3 are not aligned perfectly with that of P1 resulting in slight variations of side measures.

o      The south base of P3 has the greatest angular variance of 0d 13’ 6” from P1.

4.       The intriguing measures are those of the external limits of the site indicating the following:

a)     Distance from east to west as one thousand times the square root of 2 = 1414.21 [measure is 1418.12 Rc]…0.28% error.

b)    Distance from north to south as one thousand times the square root of 3 = 1732.05 [measure is 1732.52 Rc]…0.03 % error.

c)     Distance from north-east of P1 to south-west of P3 as one thousand times the square root of 5 = 2236.07 [measure is 2238.91 Rc]…0.13% error.


The square root of 2, 3, and 5 are irrational numbers, they cannot be expressed in fractional format.



5.       Were the three pyramids knowingly set in position to form a triangle having its length ratios equal to one thousand times the square root values of 2, 3 and 5?

6.       An angle having a tangent ratio with sides equal to square root of 3 and 2 is 50.77 degrees…the illustration above indicates 50.7 degrees.

7.       Using the Royal cubit length derived from the King’s chamber and applied to the complete site then the numerical lengths indicate the designer(s) knowing and understanding the base-ten numerical system.

8.       The total volume of the King’s chamber is 2236 cubic Rc…the diagonal length of the pyramid complex is 2238.91 Rc

9.       Were the dimensions of the King’s chamber designed to confirm the intended dimensions for the complete site?


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