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There is a distinct fine line separating the outer limits of the Nile Delta and the eastern desert plateaus of Egypt, Africa.

On this line, east of Cairo on the delta side, was the small village named Nazlet; now consumed by the ever-expanding metropolis of El Giza (Giza). It was at this location, on the plateau side of the dividing line, where the ancient Egyptians from the fourth dynasty, elected to construct the greatest accumulation of hand hewn stone to form the Giza pyramids.

Since antiquity, the Giza pyramids have drawn learned scholars to this geographical setting, yet these structures have defied relinquishing their secrets.  The pyramid’s mystique continues to entice the rich, poor, famous, and non-famous. We visit, we wonder, we are amazed, but we continue to fail in understanding the reasoning behind their design.

Pythagoras, Herodotus, Plato, Archimedes - from Greek historical times, Greaves, Davison, Bonaparte, Howard-Vyse, Taylor, Herschel and Smyth - from the renaissance period. They visited, bringing their tools of science…they left, taking their tools of science. Then, upon the land, came a visitor with a vision.

The most famous surveyor/archeologist/Egyptologist ever to challenge this site was Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie (1852-1942). Determined to solve the riddles, he prepared to “dig in” and commit a life-long quest to determine if these structures were no more than haphazardly placed monuments, or the workings of a masterful ancient civilization who excelled in precise measure. Similar to the dividing line at Giza, it was mandatory for him to separate archeology from Egyptology, and create a new foundation in the science of pyramid studies.

Had Sir Petrie lived in today’s modern and technical environment, he would have discovered the reason for the Giza pyramid designs. His measures were and remain the foundation for any and all calculations involved with these structures. This presentation will not differ, and the following papers are dedicated to this fine gentleman of past.

Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie’s intricate and precise measures are the base for all calculations, and without them…we would remain in the dark for many more years to follow.


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