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Cautious Steps (continued…)




 Part 3



1 Step 6:

2 Step 7:

3 References:


Step 6:


It is becoming obvious that the Giza complex was an engineering project designed as a single entity prior to construction.

Mathematical and pyramid-to-site ratios have been presented and are too numerous to be considered coincidental; leaving us with the repeated question…what was the purpose for building these grandiose monuments? It was definitely not to demonstrate simple mathematics and physical ratios…too much effort for too simple a cause.

I received numerous responses immediately after presenting part two to the public. One individual, Jim Alison 6, realized instantly that other information was clearly evident within the derived numbers.

Mr. Alison, who has studied the Giza site for many years, noticed illustration 14 has two numbers: 152.4 and 213.1 that total 365.5Rc, and this is equivalent to the number of days in one Earth year (Ill. 17).



Illustration 17. The two east-west measures between the three pyramids total 365.5Rc…equal to the days in one Earth year.

The circumference of the green circle is numerically equal to five complete orbits of Earth.


Adding to this discovery, Mr. Alison announced of his other finding relating to P2, one that he had realized and shared with others on the Internet in October of 2002.

Using the center of P2 and intersecting all four corners of the structure with an arc radius of 581.65Rc creates a circle of circumference 1827.3Rc and this value is equal to five orbits of Earth (5 x 365.26 = 1826.3).

Recalling the introduction of Part 1, it states the necessity to reintroduce topic 3 of this web site that demonstrates the angular alignment of the pyramids in relation to the orbital ratio of Earth and Mars. Was this angle intentionally set to inform us that planetary data is encoded within the site? Is Mr. Alison correct in believing that the measures are to signify planetary data? Is it possible that other related measures exist?

Referring to illustration 14 once more, it was demonstrated how P1 and P3 also share a common ratio of 3:1 with respect to P3.

Mr. Alison realized that the two smaller measures total 365.5 Rc and this being true then the remaining measures will total twice the value…or…2 x 365.5. Therefore, the total horizontal distance (east to west) between the largest and smallest pyramids at Giza should have a value equal to three orbits of Earth (1095.8). The actual measure is equal to 1096.8Rc (Ill. 18).


Illustration 18. The horizontal distance (east-west axis) between P1 and P2 is numerically equal to three orbits of Earth. The vertical distance (north-south axis) is numerically equal to the orbital period of Venus multiplied by 2pi.


It may appear phenomenally impossible to produce, but the designers included another measure that also includes the 2pi formula, but using another planet’s orbital period.

Mr. Alison’s example began with the radius of a circle that was multiplied by 2pi producing a circumference equal to five orbits of Earth. This second example begins with a linear measure; it is divided by 2pi and finishes with the orbital period of Venus!

The north-south distance between P1 and P3 measures 1412.3Rc, dividing this length by 2pi produces a 224.77 value, the number of days for Venus to orbit the Sun (224.70 days actual).

There is a small difference in measure for all examples and many will challenge these values, but, similar to previous mathematical ratios, there is a valid reason for these discrepancies.

It is the pyramid base measures that provide the first evidence of other intentions within the design (Ill. 19).



Illustration 19. The total widths of the three largest pyramids at Giza are equal to the total number of days for Earth and Mars to orbit the Sun. Mars orbits an average 191.4 degrees around the Sun in one Earth year.


The angular separation of the three pyramids is set at 191.4 degrees; it can never be altered and it is equal to the average orbital distance that Mars travels in one Earth year.

Mars orbits the Sun in 686.98 days while Earth requires only 365.26 days. The total days for both orbits equals (686.98 + 365.26) = 1052.24 days and this is the identical value for the total base widths of the three structures (439.94 + 411.21 +201.42) = 1052.57.

A magnificent display of genius, yet a simple means to demonstrate the designer’s understanding of planetary motion.

Again, the designers confirmed their intentions.

They included the two small sets of three pyramids: (P4, P5, P6) and (P7, P8, P9) to assist us in our search; these two pyramid groups share two styles of construction.

P5, P6 and P7 were built having continuous angular sides identical in format to the three large pyramids, while P4, P8 and P9 were constructed in a three-tier/step fashion (Ill.20).

Note: To assist in understanding what is to follow, the individual style of the two small pyramid groups are emphasized in shape and color. The red squares with the “X” indicate the continuous angular-formed sides in construction and the blue squares represent the three-tier format.

Next to each set of small pyramids are large circles within squares. They are drawn to scale and represent the orbital periods for Mars (686.98) and Earth (365.26) then placed adjacent to each other according to the style and combination of the small pyramid groups. 



Illustration 20. The blue (365.26) and red (686.98) circles within the squares represent the orbital periods for Earth and Mars. They are set in accordance to the building format used for the two sets of small pyramids adjacent to P1 and P3.


The north-west limit of the three pyramids (1739.45Rc) has a numerical distance equal to two orbits of Mars plus one orbit of Earth (2 x 686.98) + (1 x 365.26) = 1739.22 days. While the east-west direction (1417.69Rc) has a numerical distance equal to the reverse combination of the same numbers: one orbit of Mars and two orbits of Earth (1 x 686.98) + (2 x 365.26) = 1417.49 days.


Important notice:

Illustration #20 demonstrates the N-S and E-W measures being identical to the combination of two planet’s orbital periods. The measures are only true when referenced to the +0.28 degrees azimuth of P3’s east-west axis, another possible reason why this pyramid was rotated slightly clockwise from Earth’s cardinal directions.


In summary of illustrations #19 and #20:

The total vertical and horizontal distance is equal to (1739.45 + 1417.69) = 3157.14Rc.

Three times the total widths of the three large pyramids (3 x 1052.24) = 3157.71Rc.

The total count of days for three orbits of Earth and Mars equals 3156.7 days.


The measures cannot be doubted; they are intentional; they are set by design.

These primary numbers were selected above all other measures at the site; they represent the beginning of the designer’s story.

The simple orbital ratio and day-count between Earth and our neighbor Mars is written in basic mathematical format for us to read at a glance.

Like a family, each of our sibling planets has its individual characteristics and identity. We must understand and become truly aware of their intricacies as they travel through our time…our space. We must also relearn nature’s ways before we forget completely. 

These are the prerequisites, allowing us to continue and envision the legacies as told within the laborious works of our ancients at Giza.


Step 7:

Sitting in the remote southernmost corner of the complex is P3 with its lower granite casing ravaged by the hands of mankind, yet surprisingly, the very base of the structure remains intact.

Petrie noted within his writing that measures for the northwest corner were difficult to establish, but the remaining three were well defined. The four base lengths vary drastically from each other compared to those of P1 and P2 and many have questioned these values. However, what first appeared to be a clear example of shoddy workmanship and design has become an object of precise placement. Leaving us with the question…why did the designers elect to build this structure 201+ Rc in length…why did they not build it exactly 200Rc square?

This was a difficult issue to resolve; it was another thorn in the logic of construction until the answer finally fell into place.

What has been rejected and believed to be improbable by many is the suggestion in Topic 3 that demonstrates this pyramid serving as a double function. It implies that the pyramid represents two planets: Mercury and Mars, with the red granite base symbolic of both planets colorful red hue.



Illustration 21 (Left) The large discrepancy of base measures for P3.

(Right) The average angle for each orbital realignment of Mercury and Mars.


It was shown how the total base measures of the large pyramids are numerically equal the total number of days for Earth and Mars to orbit the Sun. From Topic 3 it is illustrated how the three pyramids actually represent the four rocky planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars. Now it will be shown how the base measures of P3 actually support this proposed theory.

While Mars travels it’s orbital path, fast moving Mercury will complete one full orbit and continue until realigning with Mars 52.9 degrees from their start location. Using the tools of astronomy, it is discovered that the realignment (synodic) period is equal to 100.88 days. Simple addition produces two realignments occurring every 201.76 days…the base width of P3!

This pyramid has a base length that is numerically equal to two realignment periods for the two red planets: Mercury and Mars.

Astronomers relate the majority of planetary calculations with reference to Earth; it is logical to do so. But what has been introduced is a more advanced measure for planet motion, a measure that modern astronomers overlook completely.

Here we are presented with two visible planets having the greatest elliptical orbits, one being an inner planet and the other an outer planet. Remarkable, the designers constructed P3 with a base width that expresses the two planets realignment period!

Before moving too far ahead, we must stop and consider what has been presented.

The three large pyramids have a total width measure equal to the orbital periods of Earth and Mars.

The smaller of these pyramids has a base width demonstrating the alignment of Mars and Mercury.

The N-S and E-W extents of the site are set by a combination of orbital periods of Earth and Mars.

Venus’ orbital distance is expressed by the multiplier 2pi.

Five orbits of Earth form a circle around the center pyramid.

It requires complete and unquestionable understanding of astronomy, many years of stringent observation, the knowledge of planets orbiting the Sun, their individual orbital period combined with the mathematical ability to calculate these values to the accuracy demonstrated.

The designers did all of it…then…they repeated the feat !

Recalling Illustration 15 from Part 2, it was shown that an arc of radius equalling the distance from the southwest corner of P3 to the northeast corner of P2 would intersect the southern base line of P1. The radius of arc is 1292.8Rc or the base width of P2 times pi (Ill.22).



Illustration 22. The arc radius of 1292.8Rc is numerically associated with the orbits of Earth and Mars.


The further a planet is from the Sun the greater distance it must travel to complete its orbit. Not only is the orbital path longer, but the planet also travels slower (velocity) when further from the Sun.

Mars is an outer planet of Earth following an orbital path approximately 1.5 times further from the Sun than Earth, but it requires more than 1.5 times longer for Mars to complete one orbit because it travels slower than Earth. The actual time is 686.98 Earth days or the equivalent of 1.88 orbits of Earth.

Rephrased: On average, Earth will orbit the Sun 1.88 times for each orbit of Mars.

Comparing the two planet’s orbital characteristics, they can be rearranged and stated as follows:

1.88 orbits of Earth equals (1.88 x 365.26) = 686.98 Earth days (1 orbit of Mars).

1.88 orbits of Mars equals (1.88 x 686.98) = 1292 Earth days.

The arc radius distance from corner to corner, that has been used several times throughout this presentation, shares the identical measure…1292.8Rc.

A mathematical confirmation:

Assuming the designers were fully aware of the precise orbital periods for Earth and Mars and combining the various proposed ratios that refer to this measure:

1)     The orbital ratio of Mars to Earth is 686.98/365.26…known.

2)     Proposed…P2 base measure equals 1292/pi…illustration 15

3)     Proposed…The length of arc (1292Rc) equals the orbital ratio times the orbital period of Mars (686.98)…illustration 22.

Then calculating in reverse…the base width measure for P2 would equal (686.98/365.256) x (686.98)/pi = 411.283Rc

Petrie’s measure of the south base of P2 is 411.28Rc !


Planet data is definitely encoded within the overall design using mathematical functions and ratios. There are several other examples verifying this fact, but I believe the above is sufficient to prove that the ancients were fully aware of planetary motion. However, I present one more unique demonstration of a planetary/mathematical relationship…a treat for the avid astronomer and mathematician…and the end to this seventh step.


a)     Search for a possible 6/pi ratio (discovered in Part 1) that also includes planetary data.

b)     Mars orbits the Sun in 686.98 Earth days.

c)     6/pi x 686.98 = 1312.04

d)     Search for the possible obvious length equal to 1312.04Rc.


Petrie’s measures indicate that the greatest error in construction is the east base of P3; it produces a discrepancy of 0.4Rc (8” or 21cm). The error is much too great for such a short distance in length; it provides a reason for the curious to investigate closer.

By reducing the length of this base line, it allowed the designers to increase the distance to any point further north.

And so it is found!

The north-south distance from the center of P1 to the northeast corner of P3 equals 1312.2Rc (Ill. 23).


Illustration23. The north-south distance from P1 to the corner of P3 measures 1312.2Rc.


The orbital period for Mars times the 6/pi ratio is discovered with minimum effort. It is uncovered using the simple combination of the mathematical 6/pi ratio and the planetary orbital period of neighboring Mars.


The complexity in design cannot be expressed by mathematical possibilities; it is beyond the imagination of numbers for this pyramid site to be coincidental in size and shape.

The interwoven, ratios, measures and equations are specific, they direct us toward the long-lost sciences in astronomy. It destroys the common belief that the ancients only understood astrology and the concept of an Earth-centered universe.

They knew…they understood…and they adjusted their stones to tell us their story !


A short ride to the east…where the journey continues !


Previous (Part 2)                              Next (to be completed)





1. Special mention to Michael Saunders for his contribution and confirmation re: Petrie’s measures.

    Please visit and enjoy his site

2. John Legon

3. Exploration of the Universe…fifth edition……..Abell, Morrison, Wolf

4. The Pyramids and Temples of Gizeh…….Sir W.M.Flinders Petrie 1883

5. “1o6” The Dawn of Man…sb.…..……………..Clive Ross

    Copyright 1997 CIPO 459689      ISBN0-9686006-0-3

6. Jim Alison




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